Landscaping Techniques

Landscaping is a wide-ranging endeavor that involves the addition of plants, changes to terrain and construction of structures. It also includes maintenance activities such as pruning, mowing, mulching and dethatching lawns.


Use evergreen shrubs in the landscape to provide structure in winter and offer color throughout the year. They also make great privacy screening plants for patios and decks. Visit to learn more.

Color can be used to highlight features of your landscape, draw attention to focal points, and create unity throughout the design. The color of your home, other structures on your property, and the colors of existing plants should all be considered when choosing a new color scheme for your landscape. You want your new plants to complement the surrounding scenery, not clash with it. Think about bloom times too, so that you can have a well-rounded landscape that will be vibrant throughout the season.

Color theory can get a bit complicated, but understanding the basic principles can help you create a beautiful and functional landscaping design. First, identify the mood you want to achieve. Is it a sense of relaxation, which is associated with cool colors, or does your landscape need to be energizing and inviting, corresponding with the warm side of the color wheel? From here, it’s easy to select a palette that will suit your goals.

Choosing colors that are directly across from each other on the color wheel — complementary pairings — will tend to make each other pop and draw the eye. This technique is a great way to emphasize your landscape’s focal point, such as a pond or garden bench. Nature uses this principle as well – flowers are often brightly colored in order to attract insects that will pollinate them.

Another aspect of color theory that landscape designers use is utilizing tints and shades of a single color. These variations can create a harmonious palette while still giving you plenty of creative freedom. For example, a pink that is softer and lighter than red can be just as striking.

Color can also be used to create lines in your landscape. This technique is a great way to guide the eye around your landscape, creating paths for people to follow. It can also be used to create natural lines between different features, such as a water feature and flower garden. The key is to avoid using too much variation in color, as this can be visually overwhelming and distracting.


Like line, form is a two-dimensional aspect of landscape design that takes into account the shape of plants and structures. This includes a garden’s plant bed shapes and the overall shape of hardscape features, such as walkways and retaining walls. The shape of a pond or waterfall is also important in creating visual interest.

The size of individual plants and structures is another form element that landscapers must consider. By balancing the visual weight of different elements, they can create harmony and balance in the design. The goal is to avoid overcrowding a space or overwhelming it with too many competing elements.

Color is one of the most basic (and arguably the most used) landscape design techniques. It’s crucial to choose colors that complement each other and work well in the specific conditions of a site. For example, a mountain landscape may require rugged shrubs that can withstand rough weather, while a coastal yard will need salt- and drought-tolerant plants.

While it’s a good idea to use contrasting colors to create interest, too much contrast can be visually stressful for the eye. Using warm and cool hues in combination can also be effective in achieving visual balance.

A third form principle that landscapers use is to create a sense of order and proportion with the layout of plant beds, water features and other hardscape features. Symmetry and balance are critical to a successful landscape because they provide a sense of stability and harmony, making the area feel cohesive and inviting.

Another way to achieve balance is through a technique called miegakure, which entails partially obscuring views or areas in the garden. This can create a sense of mystery and intrigue, encouraging visitors to explore the space further.


Line is one of the primary building blocks of landscape design and can be used to create structure, frame a view or draw attention. It can be straight, curved, horizontal, vertical or diagonal. The lines in your landscape can be made with plants, hardscaping materials or paths.

Leading lines are those that direct the viewer into the scene. The eye follows these lines and gives them meaning and purpose. This is a great tool to use when designing your garden. Leading lines can be implied or defined, but are always effective. Using them in your landscape can help you achieve balance, harmony and flow.

Color is another important element to consider when planning your landscape. It sets the mood of the space, so choose colors that complement your home and work well together. When choosing your color scheme, it is also a good idea to think about all four seasons. While a vibrant mix of colors may look spectacular in the summer, you will want to include vegetation that offers color during the winter as well.

Form is a vital aspect of landscaping, and it can be created through plant clustering, repetition of structural plants and the shape or outline of flowers and other plants. Flowerbeds are a great way to create forms in your landscape, as they offer the opportunity to use varying heights of plants to add depth and interest.

Texture is also an important part of landscaping. The roughness of a tree’s bark, the coarseness of leaves and the surface of gravel or stone are examples of texture in your landscape. It’s essential to use a balance of textures in your landscape to create contrast or unity.

Landscaping property lines is a fantastic way to distinguish your home from the neighbor’s. While many people think of fences when thinking of ways to landscaping property lines, there are so many more creative options that you can implement. If you have the space, try planting evergreen shrubs to provide privacy year-round and add a beautiful touch of green to your property line.

Focal Points

Focal points are what draw people’s eyes to a specific part of your landscape. Whether it’s glistening water cascading down a serene fountain, a striking sculpture among vibrant blooms or a winding pathway leading to a secret garden, these eye-catching elements can transform landscapes into visually captivating works of art. Creating focal points in your landscape enhances visual balance, harmony and style, while also creating a sense of journey and anticipation.

There are many different objects that can be used as landscape focal points, so you’ll want to make sure the one you choose fits well with the style of your garden and yard. In general, you should aim for an object that is larger than the surrounding landscape to help it stand out and draw attention. It should also compliment the plants around it to avoid looking out of place. However, you don’t want to use too many focal points because this can cause visual clutter and detract from the overall impact.

One way to help you choose the perfect landscape focal point for your property is to think about what draws your attention when walking around a neighbor’s beautiful yard or garden. This will give you a good idea of the sort of thing that might be an effective feature in your own yard or garden.

You can even use a plant itself as a focal point, depending on the type of unique plant and its surroundings. Just make sure the plant has enough color, blooms or textures to be able to stand out from the surrounding foliage. Using contrasting colors can also make the plant or trees pop out more vividly and add depth to your landscaping design.

Another great aspect about using a plant as a landscape focal point is that it can be a useful element in your yard, such as a place to sit and relax. This is important, because when you have a functional landscape focal point, it becomes more than just a decorative element — it adds value and enjoyment to your home as well. Creating focal points in your landscaping helps bring structure and symmetry to the space, and can take your garden to new levels of beauty.